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Xu Ming | A Century Old Relationship Between Urban and Rural Areas: From Separation to Integration
Release time: 2021-06-11   Author: Xu Ming

Looking back on the development of China's urban-rural relationship in the past 100 years, it can be divided into four stages: Stage Ⅰ: the stage in which the relationship between urban and rural areas is basically separated (1921-1949) Features: 1. Malformed development of coastal commercial cities. 2. The inland villages are closed and backward. 3. People of insight initiated the popular education and rural construction movement. 4. The Communist Party of China led the rural revolution. Stage Ⅱ: the stage of inclination in the development of urban-rural relations (1949-1978) Features: 1. The unified purchase and sale system of major agricultural products. 2. There is an obvious "price scissors" in industrial and agricultural products. 3. Strictly managed urban and rural household registration system. 4. The gratuitous support of the people's communes for national construction. Stage Ⅲ: the stage of gradual recovery of urban-rural relations (1978-2012) Features: 1. Implement the household contract responsibility system. 2. Promote the reform of the price system for agricultural products. 3. Improve the management of rural labor force. 4. Abolish agricultural taxes and implement agricultural subsidies. Stage Ⅳ: the stage of the integrated development of urban-rural relations (2012 to present) Features: 1. Promote inclusive public services. 2. Integration of urban and rural infrastructure. 3. Win the tough battle against poverty. 4. Implement rural revitalization. At the present stage, the integration of urban and rural areas means that industry feeds agriculture, cities support rural areas, and eliminate urban-rural dual structure, so that the development of agriculture and rural areas in China can keep up with the pace of national modernization; In the future, the development gap between urban and rural areas will gradually narrow.