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Yang Muyi and Shi Xunpeng: Achieving Carbon Neutrality Requires an Inclusive, Adaptable and Fair Energy Transition
Release time: 2021-06-10   Author: Yang Muyi and Shi Xunpeng

On the basis of clearly proposing to achieve carbon neutrality in 2060, China made a further commitment at the leader's climate summit on April 22: it will strictly control coal power projects, strictly control the growth of coal consumption during the "14th five year plan" period, and gradually reduce coal consumption during the "15th five year plan" period. However, coal withdrawal is not easy and faces multiple challenges. Taking Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area as an example, this paper focuses on the complexity of coal withdrawal, and gives some suggestions on the reconstruction of China's energy system. The case of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area shows that energy transformation is a process of reshaping energy system, involving energy technology, market arrangement, regulatory environment, infrastructure construction, consumer behavior and other aspects. Therefore, to promote the fair and effective transformation of the energy system, we need to establish a set of policy coordination mechanism under the existing energy governance framework to promote the deep integration of energy governance. First, we need to comprehensively practice the governance concept of inclusive decision-making, and promote effective consultation among various governance subjects and stakeholders in the process of policy-making. Second, it is necessary to timely evaluate the specific implementation of energy transformation policies. Third, we should make an overall consideration of fossil energy and non-fossil energy, energy and non-energy, production and consumption, resources and society, and pay special attention to the protection of the interests of vulnerable groups, so as to achieve a fair transformation.